A New Hawaiian Language Dictionary
Cover Image: Masthead of Kuu Hae Hawaii published on June 6, 1913.
Aloha Nūhou Monday!
In 1913, Rev. Lyons Kakani, editor of Kuu Hae Hawaii newspaper commented on the Territorial legislature allotting $10,000 for a Hawaiian dictionary. John Wise, a young Hawaiian politician was selected to be on the editing committee for this dictionary, Kakani appears to be cautiously optimistic that it could support the perpetuation of Hawaiian language.
Image: Portrait of John H. Wise, appearing in “The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders,” Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Ltd., p. 890.
Image: “John Wise no ke Komisina…” Kuu Hae Hawaii, June 6, 1913, pp. 2-3.
John Wise on the Editing Committee of a Hawaiian Dictionary.
This is a matter to be greatly admired, the placing of a young Hawaiian to do this important task, editing his mother tongue which is nearly becoming the Japanese language or part English by the new generation of Hawaiʻi today. When examining the reasoning of the Legislature behind the passing of this act, it is as if this book is being developed to clarify the Hawaiian language, and it will end up in the Government Library; or perhaps that book will just become furnishing for government offices, without thought of it bringing the mother tongue to the people who cannot even speak some. Then this book will not become a book that revitalizes the Hawaiian language, and the time will come when what is spoken of comes true – “Hawaiian language is a dying language,” because, its death is made clear in this act. However, Hawaiian language is not a language that is going to die, it will live as long as there remains Hawaiian blood in a man or a woman; or it will be partially spoken by the new generation. Here are three ways to perpetuate the Hawaiian language:
First – There be a comprehensive Hawaiian dictionary, along with its sentence structures shown using terms familiar in daily conversation.
Second – Make Hawaiian language a part of the curriculum taught in the Government Schools, for children when reaching 13 years of age.
Third – In the home, Hawaiian language should also be spoken.
(Kuu Hae Hawaii, 6/6/1913, pp. 2-3)
Image: Preface of the new “Andrews-Parker” dictionary.
Image: Note by Mary Kawena Pukui found on page following p. 194 of the new “Andrews-Parker” dictionary. “Hoʻopeʻapeʻa” is not found in this dictionary, or the dictionary by Pukui and Elbert. Bishop Museum Archives, MS PAC LA35 p. 194a.
Image: Notes by Curtis Iaukea found on page following p. 216 of the new “Andrews-Parker” dictionary. Bishop Museum Archives, MS PAC LA34 p. 216a.