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Hawaiian Language Documents, History, and the Judd Family, 1823–1903.

Cover Image: Masthead of Ka Hae Hawaii published on November 24, 1858.

Aloha Nūhou Monday!

Gerrit Parmele and Laura Fish Judd arrived in Hawaiʻi with the third company of missionaries in 1828. They and their descendants played key roles in Hawaiian history. There are many Judd-related articles appearing in the Hawaiian language newspapers; a good number of them are difficult to read or just not available online.

The following for instance is the introduction to a description of traditional medicine. “He Buke Lapaau” begins on 11/24/1858 and continues until 1/5/1859. Only two of those issues can be found online today.

Image: “He Buke Hou.” Ka Hae Hawaii, November 24, 1858, p. 136.

A New Book.

Here below is a history of the Old Medical Profession from the dark days of this archipelago—but the darkness is not yet over these days in which we live. Read this and consider the foolishness of the people of old. Such were the ways of pagan and uneducated lands.


Written down from the spoken words of Kekaha by Kahoohano, and copied in this book by S. P. Kalama. Under the direction of G. P. Judd in the year 1837 perhaps.

(Hae Hawaii, 11/24/1858, p. 136)

Speaking of the Judds and information not easily available, Bishop Museum Library & Archives has received a two-year grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services to catalog its entire collection of Judd Family Papers, and to digitize the Hawaiian language documents included within. The catalog and the newly digitized documents will be available for free online following the conclusion of the project.

G. P. Judd started a medical school for Hawaiian youths in 1870. Included in the Judd Family Papers are many documents written in Hawaiian related to this endeavor.

Are you interested in this full-time position to work with this amazing collection of documents? Or do you know someone who might be interested?

For more information, click here.

Image: Contract dated November 25, 1870, between G. P. Judd and Henry P. Kaili. Judd agrees to accept Kaili as a student in his medical school, as well as to provide him room and board in health and sickness. Judd agrees that if any other difficulty arises, he will seek funds to take care of it. Whereas Kaili agrees to attend the school for two years, while following the rules. Thereafter he is to treat the sick in the Kula district of Maui for two years upon receiving a license from the government. MS Grp Bishop Museum Archives. QM 216990 and QM 216991.

Image sharing on social media is welcome. For all other uses please contact 

Image: Front page of Henry P. Kaili’s notebook kept while he was a student in G. P. Judd’s medical school. MS Grp Bishop Museum Archives. QM 216989.

Image sharing on social media is welcome. For all other uses please contact 

Image: Dr. G. P. Judd with Prince Lot Kamehameha (later Kamehameha V) and Prince Alexander Liholiho (later Kamehameha IV) on a diplomatic mission to the United States in 1850. Bishop Museum Archives. SP 206827.

Image sharing on social media is welcome. For all other uses please contact 

This post is part of He Aupuni Palapala: Preserving and Digitizing the Hawaiian Language Newspapers, a partnership between Bishop Museum and Awaiaulu with assistance from Kamehameha Schools. Mahalo nui loa to Hawaii Tourism Authority for their support. Learn more about this project here.

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