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Rules of the Newspaper, Ka Hoku o ke Kai, 1884. 

Cover Image: Masthead of Ka Hoku o ke Kai published on January 12, 1884.

Each newspaper had a set of rules that outlined the responsibilities of the newspaper as well as those of the subscriber. These rules were designed to keep both parties satisfied, with the newspaper remaining profitable, or at least out of debt. Below are the rules of Ka Hoku o ke Kai (The Star of the Sea), one of the many newspapers edited by Joseph Mokuʻōhai Poepoe.

Image: “Na Rula o ka Nupepa “Ka Hoku o ke Kai” no ka M. H. 1884.” Ka Hoku o ke Kai, January 12, 1884, p. 289.

The Rules of the Newspaper Ka Hoku o ke Kai for the Year 1884. 


Two dollars ($2.00) for the Year, paid in advance.—A dollar and a half ($1.50), for Six Months, paid in advance; and a quarter dollar (25 cents) for a single copy. Single issues of the paper can only be purchased at the office. 


After three months of a person taking the newspaper without paying for a subscription for the whole year, or perhaps for six months, then his newspapers will not be delivered to him thereafter.  


For those who come for the newspaper at the office, it is only at the office where they can pick up their newspapers. They will not receive the newspapers until they pay for a subscription for a year or perhaps for six months. 


For a bundle of 10 to 30 copies, there will be one free paper given, and 15 cents commission per dollar. For a bundle of 30 to 60 copies, there will be one free paper given, and 20 cents commission per dollar. For more than 60 copies, there will be one free paper given, and 25 cents commission. For ten copies and less, there will be one free paper given and no commission. 


Do not let your subscription go unpaid beyond three months. 

If one of your subscribers paid for their subscription, and wants it sent separately, report this and it will be taken care of. 

If the address of a subscriber of yours changes, immediately make this known to the Editor. 

The Commission per the money you submit will be paid out quickly, when the Editor receives that sum in hand. 

For newspaper orders and payments—Send in orders for the newspaper straight away; and so too with the payments, to the person whose name appears here below. 


  1. O. Box 394.

(Hoku o ke Kai, 1/12/1884, p. 289) 

Image: Newsboys selling the Pacific Commercial Advertiser; Honolulu, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi. Photo by Ray Jerome Baker, October 10, 1915. Bishop Museum Archives, SCF 27699A

Image sharing on social media is welcome. For all other uses please contact , Bishop Museum Archives.

This post is part of He Aupuni Palapala: Preserving and Digitizing the Hawaiian Language Newspapers, a partnership between Bishop Museum and Awaiaulu with assistance from Kamehameha Schools. Mahalo nui loa to Hawaii Tourism Authority for their support. Learn more about this project here.

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